Sūrat al-Masad, no.111. Revealed in Makkah in the early days of the Prophet’s mission, 5 verses.
This Sūra is also known as al-Lahab, as it condemns the actions of Abu Lahab.
Merits of reciting the Sūra
The Prophet (s) has said: Whoever recites Sūrat al-Masad I have hope that Allah will not join him and Abu Lahab in one abode.
Note: This is for the one who recites this Sūra and disassociates from the path of Abu Lahab.
Synopsis of Contents
The Sūra was revealed in response to the actions of the uncle of the Prophet ‘Abd al-Uzzah bin ‘Abd al-Muttalib, who was also known as Abu Lahab due to his red complexion. The Sūra condemns his actions and that of his wife, both of whom were bitter enemies of Islam, and warns them of the punishment to come.
Some Lessons from the Sūra
1) Wealth and property will not save a person from the punishment of the Hereafter.
2) Family connections are not a means of salvation. Each person bears the responsibility of their own deeds.
Suggested verses for memorization in Arabic and English
The entire Sūra.
Activities for self-study
Abu Lahab was an uncle of the Prophet (s). Did he have to keep family ties with him? Read this for an insightful answer – https://en.shafaqna.com/
Āyatullāh Nāsir Makārim Shirazi (Ed.) Tafsir Namūne; https://www.al-islam.org/enlightening-commentary-light-holy-quran-vol-20/surah-shams-chapter-91; Ali Quli Qarai, The Qur’an With a Phrase-by-Phrase English.