Sūrat Luqmān

Sūrah No. 31. Revealed in Makkah, 34 verses.

Merits of reciting the Sūrah

Whoever recites Sūrat Luqmān, Luqman will be his companion on the Day of Judgment. The Holy Prophet a.

Note: Quranic Scholars say that the reward is connected to the contents of the Sūrah and requires that recitation be done with awareness, comprehension, reflection and having an intention of implementation.

General synopsis of contents

1) The Quran as a guidance for certain people, while others turn away from it (vv. 2 -7)

2) Signs of Allah (vv. 10-11, 25-32)

3) The advice of Luqman (vv. 12-19)

4) Day of Judgment (vv. 33-34)

Selected Lessons

1) People respond differently to the Quran according to their capacity for guidance.

2) Gratitude benefits the self. (v. 12)

3) A mother has a special status. (v. 14)

4) Physical signs reveal the existence of pride and other diseases in the heart.

5) Families will not avail each other on the Day of Judgment.

Suggested verses for reflection and memorization.

1) 31:12 – Certainly We gave Luqman wisdom, saying, ‘Give thanks to Allah; and whoever gives thanks, gives thanks only for his own sake. And whoever is ungrateful, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient, Praised.

2) 31:22 – Whoever surrenders his heart to Allah and is virtuous, has certainly held fast to the firmest handle, and with Allah lies the outcome of all matters.

Challenge: Memorize the passage of Luqman’s advice – vv. 12-19

Activities for self-study

List the different things that Luqman advises his son about. What does he say about their importance? What are the names of Allah connected to these commandments?