Sūrat Ibrāhīm

Sūrah No. 14, Revealed in Makkah with the exceptions of verses 28-29 which were revealed in Madīnah, 52 verses. 

The Sūrah gets its name from the great Prophet of God, Prophet Ibrāhīm (a), the father of the monotheistic faiths. The Sūrah includes many of his supplications.

Merits of reciting the Sūrah

Whoever recites Sūrat Ibrāhīm and Sūrat al-Hijr will receive the reward of ten times the number of all those who worshipped idols and those who did not worship them.

Holy Prophet a (Tafsīr Majma‘ al-Bayān)

Note: Scholars emphasize that such rewards are for those who ponder over the contents of the Sūrah and make efforts to follow its teachings in their lives.

General synopsis of contents

1) Supplications of Prophet Ibrāhīm (a).

2) Lessons from the past Prophets.

3) Advice on gratitude, patience, trust in God.

4) Punishment and regret in the hereafter.

Selected Lessons

1) The Quran brings mankind out of darkness (ignorance) into light (knowledge, awareness) (v. 1)

2) Shaytān will describe his lack of authority over the human being on Judgment Day (v. 22)

3) Blessings of Allah are so numerous that they cannot be counted (vv. 32-34)

4) The conspiracies of people could shake the mountains have devastating effects (v. 46)

Important Messages

1) Remembering history strengthens patience and gratitude in people.

2) Gratitude widens the inner capacity of the human being.

3) The central focus in the life of Prophet Ibrāhīm (a) is connection to God through prayer.

4) In supplications, pray for yourself, your family, and for others.

Suggested verses for reflection and memorization.

1) 14:7 – If you are grateful, I will surely enhance you [in blessing], but if you are ungrateful, My

punishment is indeed severe.

2) 14:18 – A parable of those who defy their Lord: their deeds are like ashes over which the wind

blows hard on a tempestuous day: they have no power over anything they have earned. That is extreme error.

3) 14:52 – This [the Quran] is a proclamation for mankind, so that they may be warned thereby

and know that He is indeed the One God, and those who possess intellect may take admonition.

Activities for self-study

1) Write out the conversation between the Prophets  and their people as outlined in verses 9-12. What were the objections of the people? How did the Prophets answer them?

2) Describe and illustrate the parable of the good word (vv. 24-25)

3) What are the different things Prophet Ibrāhīm (a) prays for? (vv. 35-41)