Sūrat al-Hujurāt

Sūrah No. 49. Revealed in Madīnah, 18 verses.

This Sūrah has important commandments regarding behavior with the Prophet a and on social relationships. It can be referred to as a Sūrah of Akhlāq and Ādāb.

Merits of reciting the Sūrah

Whoever recites Sūrat al-Hujurāt every night, or every day, will be from the zawwār of Muhammad a. Imam al-Sādiq (a).

Note: Quranic Scholars say that the reward is connected to the contents of the Sūrah and requires that recitation be done with awareness, comprehension, reflection and having an intention of implementation.

General synopsis of contents

1) Etiquette of being in the presence of the Holy Prophet a (vv. 1-5)

2) Etiquette for social relationships that help the society unite and prosper and protect it from disunity and conflicts (vv. 6-12)

3) Criteria and meaning of true faith (vv. 13-15)

4) The all-encompassing knowledge of Allah (vv. 16-18)

Selected Lessons

1) Talking to the Holy Prophet a requires certain etiquette.

2) A believing society is careful of factors that could threaten justice & peace within it.

3) Brotherhood in society is strengthened by keeping away from unethical forms of behavior such as mocking, backbiting, suspicion, etc.

4) The only criteria for greatness in the eyes of Allah is Taqwā.

5) Having faith is at a higher level than just accepting Islam.

6) Faith is a blessing and favor from Allah.

Suggested verses for reflection and memorization.

1) 49:10 – The faithful are indeed brethren. Therefore, make peace between your brethren and be wary of Allah, so that you may receive mercy.

2) 49:13 – O mankind! Indeed, We created you from a male and a female, and made you nations and tribes that you may identify yourselves with one another. Indeed, the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the most Godwary among you. Indeed, Allah is all- knowing, all-aware.

Activities for self-study

Read verses 11-12. List the commandments mentioned in this verse. What is the reasoning behind each rule? How is society affected by those who disregard these rules?