Sūrat al-Duhā

Sūrah No. 93. Revealed in Makkah, 11 verses. This Sūrah was revealed after a period in which there had been no revelation, and the enemies taunted the Prophet a about it. The Prophet a was anxiously waiting for revelation and these verses soothed his anxiety.

Many narrations say this sūrah and the sūrah that follows (Sūrat al-Inshirah) are one sūrah, and thus would have to be recited together in salāt after Sūrat al-Fatiha.

Merits of reciting the Sūrah

The Prophet a has said: Whoever recites this Sūrah will be from those whom Allah is pleased with, and it is appropriate that Muhammad a will intercede for him, and he will receive ten good deeds for each orphan or needy person.

Note: Scholars say this reward is for those who follow the message of the sūrah.

General synopsis of contents

1) Two oaths on the truth of the message to follow (vv. 1-2)

2) A reassurance to the Prophet a and good news about the future (vv. 3-5)

3) A reminder of Allah’s help in the past (vv. 6-8)

4) Acts of gratitude (vv. 9-11)

Selected Lessons

1) Hope in what is to come, is part of faith in Allah.

2) The past has always had the hand of Allah, guiding, and supporting.

3) Part of gratitude is to help others and inform them of the blessings given to you.

Suggested verses for reflection and memorization.

1) 93:4-5 – Surely what comes after shall be better for you than that which has gone before. Soon

your Lord will give you [that with which] you will be pleased.

2) 93:11- And as for your Lord’s blessing, proclaim it!

Activities for self-study

1) This Sūrah is very reassuring. List the points it makes to help the believer feel better about what s/he is going through.

2) Announcing the favours of Allah is emphasized in Islam. A hadith of Imam Ja‘far al-Sādiq (a) says; Announce them all, whatever Allah has bestowed on you, from merits, sustenance, goodness, and guidance (Tafsīr Majma‘ al-Bayān, 10:507). For more thoughts on this verse check; https://academyofislam.com/quranic-reflection-no-461-ayat-9311-proclaim-divine-blessings-2/