Sūrat al-Adiyat

Sūrah No. 100. Revealed in Madīnah, 11 verses. The oaths in the beginning of the Sūrah are said to refer to the horses that run towards the battlefield, or the camels that take pilgrims to the sacred places in Makkah.

Merits of reciting the Sūrah

The Prophet a has said: Whoever recites it will be rewarded ten good deeds as many as the number of the people (pilgrims) who stay at Muzdalifah and gather there.

Imam Ja‘far al-Sādiq (a) said about this sūrah: Whoever recites al-‘Ādiyāt and continues reciting it, Allah will raise him up with Amīr-al-Mu’minīn Imam Ali (a) on the Day of Judgment and he will be in his group and among his companions.

Note: Scholars says that such excellence will be for those who make the message of the Sūrah a part of their lives, believing in it and acting upon it.

General synopsis of contents

1) Oaths on the truth of the matter to follow (vv. 1-5)

2) Qualities of the human being (vv. 6- 8)

3) The Day of Judgment (vv. 9-11)

Selected Lessons

1) The human being has negative qualities that are disciplined and refined through the teachings of religion.

2) Everything that is concealed in the hearts will be revealed on the Day of Judgment.

Suggested verses for reflection and memorization.

1) 100:6- Indeed man is ungrateful to his Lord.

2) 100:8 – Indeed he is an avid lover of wealth

Activities for self-study

The Quran describes some negative qualities of the human being. Check Q 4:28, 14:34, 17:11 and 17:100. But the Almighty has given him the potential to overcome those qualities and be the most noble of creation. Check Q 17:70, 95:4 and 96:5.