Sūrat al-‘Ādiyāt, No. 100. Revealed in Madinah, 11 verses. The oaths in the beginning of the sūra are said to refer to the horses that run towards the battlefield, or the camels that take pilgrims to the sacred places in Makkah.
Merits of reciting the Sūra.
The Prophet sallal-lāhu ‘alayhi wa-ālihi wasallam has said: Whoever recites it will be rewarded ten good deeds as many as the number of the people (pilgrims) who stay at Muzdalifah and gather there.
Imam al-Sādiq ‘alayhis-salām said about this sūra: Whoever recites al-‘Ādiyāt and continues reciting it, Allah will raise him up with Amīrul Mu’minīn (Imam Ali, (a)) on the Day of Judgment and he will be in his group and among his companions.
Note: Scholars says that such excellence will be for those who make the message of the sūra a part of their lives, believing in it and acting upon it.
Synopsis of contents
1) Oaths on the truth of the matter to follow (verses 1-5)
2) Qualities of the human being (verses 6- 8)
3) The Day of Judgment (verses 9-11)
Some Lessons from the Sūra
1) The human being has negative qualities that are disciplined and refined through the teachings of religion.
2) Everything that is concealed in the hearts will be revealed on the Day of Judgment.
Select verses for memorization in Arabic and English.
1) 100:6- Indeed man is ungrateful to his Lord.
2) 100:8 – Indeed he is an avid lover of wealth
Activity for self-study
The Quran describes some negative qualities of the human being. Check verses 4:28, 14:34, 17:11 and 17:100. But the Almighty has given him the potential to overcome those qualities and be the most noble of creation. Check 17:70, 95:4 and 96:5.
Āyatullāh Nāsir Makārim Shirazi (Ed.) Tafsir Namūne; https://www.al-islam.org/
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